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    Author(s): David V. D'Amore; Paul E. Hennon; Paul G. Schaberg; Gary J. Hawley
    Date: 2009
    Source: Forest Ecology and Management. 258: 2261-2268.
    Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
    Station: Northern Research Station
    PDF: View PDF  (278.57 KB)

    Description

    Yellow-cedar (Chamaecyparis nootkatensis (D. Don) Spach) and western redcedar (Thuja plicata Donn), two valuable tree species of Pacific Northwest forests, are competitive in low productivity forests on wet, nearly saturated soils with low nitrogen (N) availability and turnover. We propose a mechanism where cedar trees survive in marginal conditions through exploiting a coupled Ca-NO3-nutrient cycle where trees assimilate N as nitrate (NO3-), butmust accumulate a counter-ion to NO3- such as calcium (Ca+2) to control their internal cell pH and provide electrochemical balance. The availability of NO3- in cedar forests is favored by increased microbial activity and shifts in microbial community composition that is conducive to N mineralization and nitrification at higher pH. Cedars influence the soils under their canopy by enriching the forest floor with calciumcompounds leading to increases in pH.

    Publication Notes

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    Citation

    D'Amore, David V.; Hennon, Paul E.; Schaberg, Paul G.; Hawley, Gary J. 2009. Adaptation to exploit nitrate in surface soils predisposes yellow-cedar to climate-induced decline while enhancing the survival of western redcedar: a new hypothesis. Forest Ecology and Management. 258: 2261-2268.

    Keywords

    calcium, climate change, chamaecyparis nootkatensis, Thuja plicata, forest decline

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https://www.fs.usda.gov/treesearch/pubs/19835