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    Author(s): L. David Dwinell; E. Thoms; S. Prabhakaran
    Date: 2003
    Source: In: Annual International Research Conference On Methyl Bromide Alternatives And Emissions Reductions, November 3-6, San Diego, California, p. 1-4
    Publication Series: Miscellaneous Publication
    PDF: View PDF  (353 KB)

    Description

    The pinewood nematode (PUTN) (Bursaphelenchus xylophilus), the causal agent of pine wilt disease, has been intercepted in pine chips, unseasoned pine lumber, and wood packing material (WPM). Likewise, the PWN's insect vectors, Monochamus spp. (pine sawyers), have been found in pallets, crates and dunnage. The PWN, which is native to North America, is transmitted to recently killed conifers or freshly felled logs during egg-laying of the insect vector (aka "secondary transmission"). It is through secondary transmission that the PWN gets into the wood transport system.

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    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.

    Citation

    Dwinell, L. David; Thoms, E.; Prabhakaran, S. 2003. Effect of sulfuryl fluoride on the pinewood nematode in pine wood. In: Annual International Research Conference On Methyl Bromide Alternatives And Emissions Reductions, November 3-6, San Diego, California, p. 1-4

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