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    Author(s): S.M. Nay; B.T. Bormann
    Date: 2000
    Source: Soil Science Society of America Journal. 64(3): 943-948
    Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
    PDF: Download Publication  (867 KB)


    Direct measures of soil-surface respiration are needed to evaluate belowground biological processes, forest productivity, and ecosystem responses to global change. Although infra-red gas analyzer {IRGA) methods track reference CO2 flows in lab studies, questions remain for extrapolating IRGA methods to field conditions. We constructed 10 box lysimeters with homogenized mixtures of sandy loam and cattle manure and kept them free of plants to create a range of CO2 fluxes. Infra-red gas analyzer measurements, applied biweekly, were then compared to mass baiance—based measures of changes in soil C over 8 mo. The CO2 fluxes measured with IRGA were not significantly different (P < 0.05) from the mass balance measure in 9 of the 10 boxes. The only statistically significant difference was in the lysimeter with the highest initial C content; this box had elevated soil temperatures early in the trial, suggesting a composting effect that may have interfered with IRGA measures. Variations in the mass balance estimates were higher than expected, demonstrating how difficult establishing a true reference in field studies is. We conclude that fluxes of CO2 from soils can be monitored with an IRGA-based chamber system in the field to produce reliable estimates of cumulative C loss. Such field measures will likely be much more variable than laboratory measures, however, and thus will require extensive sampling.

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    Nay, S.M.; Bormann, B.T. 2000. Soil carbon changes: comparing flux monitoring and mass balance in a box lysimeter experiment. Soil Science Society of America Journal. 64(3): 943-948

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