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    Author(s): Brian Beckage; James S. Clark
    Date: 2003
    Source: Ecology 84(7): 1849-1861
    Publication Series: Miscellaneous Publication
    PDF: Download Publication  (1.2 MB)


    Spatial heterogeneity in microenvironments may provide unique regeneration niches for trees and may promote forest diversity. We examined how heterogeneity in understory cover, mineral nutrients, and moisture and their interactions with canopy gaps contribute to the coexistence of three common, co-occuring tree species. We measured survival and height growth of 1080 seedlings of Acer rubrum (red maple), Liriodendron tulipifera (yellow poplar), and Quercus rubra (red oak) that were planted in one of five understory treatments: removal of understory vegetation, trenched, trenched plus removal of understory vegetation, fertilization, and a control. Understory treatments were replicated in 12 paired gap and canopy environments.

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    Beckage, Brian; Clark, James S. 2003. Seedling survival and growth of three forest tree species: The role of spatial heterogeneity. Ecology 84(7): 1849-1861


    Acer rubrum, canopy gaps, forest dynamics, Liriodendron tulipifera, Quercus rubra, regeneration niche, seedling growth, seedling survival, southern Appalachian forests, spatial heterogeneity, species diversity, stochasticity

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