Skip to Main Content
U.S. Forest Service
Caring for the land and serving people

United States Department of Agriculture

Home > Search > Publication Information

  1. Share via EmailShare on FacebookShare on LinkedInShare on Twitter
    Dislike this pubLike this pub

    Description

    Leaf inputs in temperate forest streams may limit caddisfly production because leaf detritus serves both as a food and case-material resource. We estimated Pycnopsyche gentilis produdion in a stream experimentally decoupled fmm its riparian habitat and a reference stream for 8 y in the southern Appalachians. We also examined laboratory survivorship, growth, and case-building activities of P. gentilis in substrate containing various quantities of leaf material. Pycnopsyche gentilis produdion declined to 0 within 3 y of the start of litter exclusion. Abundance, biomass, and production of P. gentilis were positively related to leaf litter standing naps. Maxixnum individual length, of P. gentilis was reduced when annual leaf standing crops fell below 25 to 50 g AFDM/m2. Observations of case construction for instars removed from their origninal leaf cases and kept in substrate with low leaf standing crop, showed that P. gentilis was capable of rebuilding a case of available substrate and surviving for 3 to 4 wk before dying of starvation Survivorship and growth were significantly greater for larvae reared at high and intermediate leaf standing crops, than at low leaf standing crop. Older instars had higher survivorship rates but lower growth rates than younger instars in the low litter substrates. Survivorship and growth rates were lower for some individuals forced to rebuild new cases, indicating an energetic cost associated with case-building activities. Our results demonsrate that the linkage between terrestrially derived organic matter and production of a caddisfly shredder was a consequence of food availability.

    Publication Notes

    • You may send email to pubrequest@fs.fed.us to request a hard copy of this publication.
    • (Please specify exactly which publication you are requesting and your mailing address.)
    • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.

    Citation

    Eggert, Susan L.; Wallace, J. Bruce. 2003. Reduced detrital resources limit Pycnopsyche gentilis (Trichoptera: Limnephilidae) production and growth. Journal North American Benthol. Society 22(3): 388-400

    Keywords

    Case-building behavior, caddisfly, organic matter, macroinvertebrates, stream, resource limitation

    Related Search


    XML: View XML
Show More
Show Fewer
Jump to Top of Page