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    Author(s): Teryl G. GrubbRoy G. Lopez
    Date: 1997
    Source: Wilson Bulletin 109 (3) 546-548
    Publication Series: Miscellaneous Publication
    PDF: Download Publication  (210 KB)


    Northern Arizona winters vary within and between years with occasional heavy snows (up to 0.6 m) and extreme cold (overnight lows -18 to -29°C) interspersed with dry periods, mild temperatures (daytime highs reaching 10°C), and general loss of snow cover at all but highest elevations. Lakes in the area may freeze and thaw partially or totally several times during a winter. The freezing and thawing of 1000-ha, 2-m deep Mormon Lake, 34 km south of Flagstaff, Arizona, during the winter of 1994-95 set the stage for the unusual Bald Eagle (Haliaeetus leucocephalus) ice fishing behaviors we describe.

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    Grubb, Teryl G.; Lopez, Roy G. 1997. Ice fishing by wintering Bald Eagles in Arizona. Wilson Bulletin 109 (3) 546-548


    Bald Eagle, Haliaeetus leucocephalus, ice fishing, Arizona

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