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    Author(s): Walter D. Koenig; Andrew M. LiebholdAndrew M. Liebhold
    Date: 2005
    Source: Ecology. 86(7): 1873-1882.
    Publication Series: Miscellaneous Publication
    PDF: Download Publication  (1.05 MB)


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    Koenig, Walter D.; Liebhold, Andrew M. 2005. Effects of periodical cicada emergences on abundance and synchrony of avian populations. Ecology. 86(7): 1873-1882.


    bird populations, Breeding Bird Survey, eastern North America, hardwood forests, Magicicada, periodical cicadas, predation, predator satiation, pulsed resources, spatial synchrony

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