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Laminated beams of isotropic or orthotropic materials subjected to temperature changeAuthor(s): Shun Cheng; T. Gerhardt
Source: Res. Pap. FPL-RP-375. Madison, WI: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Forest Products Laboratory. 26 pages
Publication Series: Research Paper (RP)
Station: Forest Products Laboratory
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DescriptionThis paper considers laminated beams with layers of different isotropic or orthotropic materials fastened together by thin adhesives. The stresses that result from subjecting each component layer of the beam to different temperature or moisture stimuli which may also vary along the length of the beam, are calculated. Two-dimensional elasticity theory is used so that a wide range of problems, such as that of beams composed of layers of orthotropic materials like wood, can be studied, and accurate distributions of normal and shear stresses obtained. The stress intensity along the bearing surfaces of the layers of the beam is of particular importance because it is responsible for delamination failures of laminated structural elements. The distributions of inter-laminar normal and shear stresses measured along the longitudinal axis of the beam indicate that high stress intensity occurs in the end zones of the beam. Thus, delamination failure, when it occurs, will start at the ends of the beam.
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CitationCheng, Shun; Gerhardt, T. 1980. Laminated beams of isotropic or orthotropic materials subjected to temperature change. Res. Pap. FPL-RP-375. Madison, WI: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Forest Products Laboratory. 26 pages
KeywordsIsotropic materials, orthotropic materials, laminated beams, temperature
- Analysis of orthotropic beams
- Effect of elliptic or circular holes on the stress distribution in plates of wood or plywood considered as orthotropic materials
- Reliability formulation for the strength and fire endurance of glued-laminated beams
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