Skip to Main Content
U.S. Forest Service
Caring for the land and serving people

United States Department of Agriculture

Home > Search > Publication Information

  1. Share via EmailShare on FacebookShare on LinkedInShare on Twitter
    Dislike this pubLike this pub
    Author(s): James Barnett; Bill Pickens; Robert Karrfalt
    Date: 1999
    Source: Paper presented at the Tenth Biennial Southern Silvicultural Research Conference, Shreveport, LA, February 16-16,1999.
    Publication Series: Miscellaneous Publication
    PDF: Download Publication  (104 KB)


    Longleaf pine (Pinus palustris Mill.) seeds are sensitive to damage during collection, processing, and storage. Highquality seeds are essential for successful production of nursery crops that meet management goals and perform well in the field. We conducted a series of tests under laboratory and nursery conditions to evaluate what effect a number of presowing treatments, e.g., soaking, stratification, and coat sterilization, had on the performance of longleaf pine seeds of varying qualities. Test results indicate that removal of fungal contamination from the seedcoats will markedly improve seed germination and seedling establishment in the nursery. Both a 1-hour soak in 30-percent hydrogen peroxide and a 10-minute drench in a 2.5 percent m.l. per liter benomyl solution improved longleaf pine seedlot performance, particularly in seedlots of low to medium quality. Based on seedling establishment 3 months after sowing, other treatments, which included water soaking and stratification, were less effective than sterilants. Because the benomyl drench was as effective as the hydrogen peroxide soak, it is the preferred treatment for controlling seedcoat contamination: it is both more economical and safer for the nursery manager to use. An effort is underway to extend the registration for this seed treatment to Southern States other than North Carolina, where it is currently labeled.

    Publication Notes

    • You may send email to to request a hard copy of this publication.
    • (Please specify exactly which publication you are requesting and your mailing address.)
    • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.


    Barnett, James; Pickens, Bill; Karrfalt, Robert. 1999. Improving Longleaf Pine Seedling Establishment in the Nursery by Reducing Seedcoat Microorganisms. Paper presented at the Tenth Biennial Southern Silvicultural Research Conference, Shreveport, LA, February 16-16,1999.

    Related Search

    XML: View XML
Show More
Show Fewer
Jump to Top of Page