Skip to Main Content
White-tailed deer impact on the vegetation dynamics of a northern hardwood forestAuthor(s): Stephen B. Horsley; Susan L. Stout; David S. deCalesta; David S. deCalesta
Source: Ecological Applications. 13(1): 98-118.
Publication Series: Miscellaneous Publication
PDF: Download Publication (1.33 MB)
DescriptionConsiderable controversy has arisen over the management of white-tailed deer in eastern landscapes where there is evidence of damage to forest vegetation, crops, and wildlife habitat attributable to deer. We examined the impact of 4, 8, 15, and 25 deer/km2 on herbaceous layer abundance and tree seedling density, height development, species composition, and diversity for 10 yr in a repeated-measures randomized-complete-block experiment at four replicate cherry-maple forest sites in northwester Pennsylvania, USA. At each 65-ha site, deer were placed in 13- or 26-ha fenced enclosures in which the landscape composition and forage production of a forest managed on a 100-yr rotation was simulated by clear-cutting 10% of each area and thinning 30%. Vegetation was sampled 0-1, 3, 5, and 10 yr after treatment (YAT). We analyzed vegetative treatment responses separately in each silvicultural treatment.
- Check the Northern Research Station web site to request a printed copy of this publication.
- Our on-line publications are scanned and captured using Adobe Acrobat.
- During the capture process some typographical errors may occur.
- Please contact Sharon Hobrla, email@example.com if you notice any errors which make this publication unusable.
- We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
- This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.
CitationHorsley, Stephen B.; Stout, Susan L.; deCalesta, David S. 2003. White-tailed deer impact on the vegetation dynamics of a northern hardwood forest. Ecological Applications. 13(1): 98-118.
Keywordsherbivory, management, northern hardwood forest, plant-herbivore interactions, plant-plant interference, seedling density, seedling height, species diversity, succession, ungulate, vegetation trajectory, white-tailed deer
- Ten-year response of the herbaceous layer to an operational herbicide-shelterwood treatment in a northern hardwood forest
- Effects of riparian zone buffer widths on vegetation diversity in southern Appalachian headwater catchments
- Modeling historical range of variability and alternative management scenarios in the upper Yuba River watershed, Tahoe National Forest, California
XML: View XML