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Nondestructive estimation of Pinus taeda L. wood properties for samples from a wide range of sites in GeorgiaAuthor(s): P.D. Jones; L.R. Schimleck; G.F. Peter; R.F. Daniels; A. Clark
Source: Canadian Journal of Forest Research. 35: 85-92.
Publication Series: Miscellaneous Publication
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DescriptionPreliminary studies based on small sample sets show that near infrared (NIR) spectroscopy has the potential for rapidly estimating many important wood properties. However, if NIR is to be used operationally, then calibrations using several hundred samples from a wide variety of growing conditions need to be developed and their performance tested on samples from new populations. In this study, 120 Pinus taeda L. (loblolly pine) radial strips (cut from increment cores) representing 15 different sites from three physiographic regions in Georgia (USA) were characterized in terms of air-dry density, microfibril angle (MFA), and stiffness. NIR spectra were collected in 10-mm increments from the radial longitudinal surface of each strip and split into calibration (nine sites, 729 spectra) and prediction sets (six sites, 225 spectra). Calibrations were developed using untreated and mathematically treated (first and second derivative and multiplicative scatter correction) spectra. Strong correlations were obtained for all properties, the strongest R2 values being 0.83 (density), 0.90 (MFA), and 0.93 (stiffness). When applied to the test set, good relationships were obtained Rp2 ranged from 0.80 to 0.90), but the accuracy of predictions varied depending on math treatment. The addition of a small number of cores from the prediction set (one core per new site) to the calibration set improved the accuracy of predictions and importantly minimized the differences obtained with the various math treatments. These results suggest that density, MFA, and stiffness can be estimated by NIR with sufficient accuracy to be used in operational settings.
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CitationJones, P.D.; Schimleck, L.R.; Peter, G.F.; Daniels, R.F.; Clark, A., III. 2005. Nondestructive estimation of Pinus taeda L. wood properties for samples from a wide range of sites in Georgia. Canadian Journal of Forest Research. 35: 85-92.
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