Skip to Main Content
The response of ground beetles (Coleoptera: Carabidae) to selection cutting in a South Carolina bottomland hardwood forestAuthor(s): Michael D. Ulyshen; James L. Hanula; Scott Horn; John C. Kilgo; Christopher E. Moorman
Source: Biodiversity and Conservation p. 1-14
Publication Series: Miscellaneous Publication
PDF: Download Publication (300 KB)
DescriptionWe compared the response of ground beetles (Coleoptera: Carabidae) to the creation of canopy gaps of different size (0.13, 0.26, and 0.50 ha) and age (1 and 7 years) in a bottomland hardwood forest (South Carolina, USA). Samples were collected four times in 2001 by malaise and pitfall traps placed at the center and edge of each gap, and 50 m into the surrounding forest. Species richness was higher at the center of young gaps than in old gaps or in the forest, but there was no statistical difference in species richness between old gaps and the forests surrounding them. Carabid abundance followed the same trend, but only with the exclusion of Semiardistomis viridis (Say), a very abundant species that differed in its response to gap age compared to most other species. The carabid assemblage at the gap edge was very similar to that of the forest, and there appeared to be no distinct edge community. Species known to occur in open or disturbed habitats were more abundant at the center of young gaps than at any other location. Generalist species were relatively unaffected by the disturbance, but one species (Dicaelus dilatatus Say) was significantly less abundant at the centers of young gaps. Forest inhabiting species were less abundant at the centers of old gaps than in the forest, but not in the centers of young gaps. Comparison of community similarity at arious trapping locations showed that communities at the centers of old and young gaps had the lowest similarity (46.5%). The community similarity between young gap centers and nearby forest (49.1%) and old gap centers and nearby forest (50.0%) was similarly low. These results show that while the abundance and richness of carabids in old gaps was similar to that of the surrounding forest, the species composition between the two sites differed greatly.
- You may send email to email@example.com to request a hard copy of this publication.
- (Please specify exactly which publication you are requesting and your mailing address.)
- We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
- This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.
CitationUlyshen, Michael D.; Hanula, James L.; Horn, Scott; Kilgo, John C.; Moorman, Christopher E. 2005. The response of ground beetles (Coleoptera: Carabidae) to selection cutting in a South Carolina bottomland hardwood forest. Biodiversity and Conservation p. 1-14
KeywordsCanopy gaps, carabidae, disturbance, edge effect, ground beetles, group selection harvesting
- Herbivorous insect response to group selection cutting in a southeastern bottomland hardwood forest
- Spatial and temporal patterns of beetles associated with coarse woody debris in managed bottomland hardwood forests
- Responses of litter-dwelling spiders and carabid beetles to varying levels and patterns of green-tree retention.
XML: View XML