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    Author(s): Charles G. Johnson
    Date: 2000
    Source: In: McCool, Stephen F.; Cole, David N.; Borrie, William T.; O’Loughlin, Jennifer, comps. 2000. Wilderness science in a time of change conference—Volume 3: Wilderness as a place for scientific inquiry; 1999 May 23–27; Missoula, MT. Proceedings RMRS-P-15-VOL-3. Ogden, UT: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station. p. 82-83
    Publication Series: Proceedings (P)
    Station: Rocky Mountain Research Station
    PDF: View PDF  (100 B)

    Description

    The Western United States has a rich heritage of biological diversity within the wilderness areas. To access human disturbances compared to human-undisturbed sites, the tool of “benchmarking” is used, where sites are compared over time. The resulting data and photographic records are the basis of monitoring used by land managers. Examples are given for three locations, as well as details of monitoring techniques.

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    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.

    Citation

    Johnson, Charles G., Jr. 2000. Establishing benchmark monitoring points in wilderness: successes and challenges. In: McCool, Stephen F.; Cole, David N.; Borrie, William T.; O’Loughlin, Jennifer, comps. 2000. Wilderness science in a time of change conference—Volume 3: Wilderness as a place for scientific inquiry; 1999 May 23–27; Missoula, MT. Proceedings RMRS-P-15-VOL-3. Ogden, UT: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station. p. 82-83

    Keywords

    wilderness, diversity, monitoring, techniques, photography, human impacts

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