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Wood composites

Author(s):

Lars Berglund
Roger M. Rowell

Year:

2005

Publication type:

Miscellaneous Publication

Primary Station(s):

Forest Products Laboratory

Source:

Handbook of wood chemistry and wood composites. Boca Raton, Fla. : CRC Press, 2005: pages 279-301.

Description

A composite can be defined as two or more elements held together by a matrix. By this definition, what we call “solid wood” is a composite. Solid wood is a three-dimensional composite composed of cellulose, hemicelluloses and lignin (with smaller amounts of inorganics and extractives), held together by a lignin matrix. The advantages of developing wood composites are (1) to use smaller trees, (2) to use waste wood from other processing, (3) to remove defects, (4) to create more uniform components, (5) to develop composites that are stronger than the original solid wood, and (6) to be able to make composites of different shapes.

Citation

Berglund, Lars; Rowell, Roger M. 2005. Wood composites. Handbook of wood chemistry and wood composites. Boca Raton, Fla. : CRC Press, 2005: pages 279-301.

Publication Notes

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  • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.
https://www.fs.usda.gov/treesearch/pubs/22049