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    Author(s): Rebecca E. Ibach; W. Dale Ellis
    Date: 2005
    Source: Handbook of wood chemistry and wood composites. Boca Raton, Fla. : CRC Press, 2005: pages 421-446.
    Publication Series: Miscellaneous Publication
    PDF: View PDF  (312 KB)

    Description

    Wood is used to produce many products (structural and nonstructural) for applications in which its natural properties are adequate. With the decrease of wood availability and the increase of less durable, younger and faster-growing trees, it is possible to modify wood in various ways to improve the properties, depending on the ultimate application. Wood- polymer composites (WPCs) can be any combination of wood and polymer, from polymer filled with wood fiber to solid pieces of wood filled with polymer. This chapter refers to WPCs made from solid wood such as small pieces of wood or veneer. When wood and polymer are combined, the physical properties, surface hardness, water repellency, dimensional stability, abrasion resistance, and fire resistance can be improved over those of the original wood.

    Publication Notes

    • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.

    Citation

    Ibach, Rebecca E.; Ellis, W. Dale. 2005. Lumen modifications. Handbook of wood chemistry and wood composites. Boca Raton, Fla. : CRC Press, 2005: pages 421-446.

    Keywords

    Composite materials, fire testing, weathering, monomers, synthetic gums, synthetic resins, deterioration, water-soluble polymers, plastic-impregnated wood, polymerization, Crosslinking (polymerization), mechanical properties, biodegradation, impregnation, wood-plastic composites, polymers, crosslinking (molecular)

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