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    Author(s): Kris Morreel; John Ralph; Hoon Kim; Fachuang Lu; Geert Goeminne; Sally Ralph; Eric Messens; Wout Boerjan
    Date: 2004
    Source: Plant physiology. Vol. 136 (2004): p. 3537-3549.
    Publication Series: Miscellaneous Publication
    PDF: View PDF  (429 KB)

    Description

    Lignin is an aromatic heteropolymer, abundantly present in the walls of secondary thickened cells. Although much research has been devoted to the structure and composition of the polymer to obtain insight into lignin polymerization, the low-molecular weight oligolignol fraction has escaped a detailed characterization. This fraction, in contrast to the rather inaccessible polymer, is a simple and accessible model that reveals details about the coupling of monolignols, an issue that has raised considerable controversy over the past years. We have profiled the methanol-soluble oligolignol fraction of poplar (Populus spp.) xylem, a tissue with extensive lignification. Using liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry, chemical synthesis, and nuclear magnetic resonance, we have elucidated the structures of 38 compounds, most of which were dimers, trimers, and tetramers derived from coniferyl alcohol, sinapyl alcohol, their aldehyde analogs, or vanillin. All structures support the recently challenged random chemical coupling hypothesis for lignin polymerization. Importantly, the structures of two oligomers, each containing a [gamma]- [rho]-hydroxybenzoylated syringyl unit, strongly suggest that sinapyl [rho]-hydroxybenzoate is an authentic precursor for lignin polymerization in poplar.

    Publication Notes

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    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.

    Citation

    Morreel, Kris; Ralph, John; Kim, Hoon; Lu, Fachuang; Goeminne, Geert; Ralph, Sally; Messens, Eric; Boerjan, Wout. 2004. Profiling of oligolignols reveals monolignol coupling conditions in lignifying poplar xylem. Plant physiology. Vol. 136 (2004): p. 3537-3549.

    Keywords

    Nuclear magnetic resonance, lignin, polymers, liquid chromatography, xylem, mass spectrometry, sinapyl [rho]-hydroxybenzoate, Populus, monolignol coupling, oligolignols, lignification

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