Skip to Main Content
U.S. Forest Service
Caring for the land and serving people

United States Department of Agriculture

Home > Search > Publication Information

  1. Share via EmailShare on FacebookShare on LinkedInShare on Twitter
    Dislike this pubLike this pub

    Description

    Timber harvest alters structural characteristics in ponderosa pine forests. In the Black Hills, harvested stands with 40-70% overstory canopy cover are managed as sapling/pole (3.0 - 22.9 cm dbh) or mature (> 22.9 cm dbh) stands. Changing the forest structure to two size classes has unknown effects on bird communities in this region. We counted birds in 20 harvested and 20 unharvested ponderosa pine stands during May and June of 1993 and 1994. Harvested stands represented the desired long-term conditions of stands managed for timber production. Forty-seven bird species were recorded; 29 species occurred in ³5 stands and were included in statistical analyses. Abundances of nine species differed between harvested and unharvested stands. Red-breasted nuthatches(Sitta canadensis) (P = 0.03), ovenbirds (Seiurus aurocapillus) (P < 0.01 ), and black-headed grosbeaks (Pheucticus meianocephalus) (P = 0. I0), were more abundant in unharvested stands. Hairy woodpeckers (Picoides villosus) (P = 0.03), western wood-pewees (Contopus sordidulus) (P = 0.02), Townsend’s solitaires (Myadestes townsendi) (P = 0.04), American robins (Turdus migratorius) (P < 0.01), chipping sparrows (Spizella passerina) (P < 0.0l), and darkeyed juncos (Junco hyemalis) (P < 0.01) were more abundant in harvested stands. Species richness (P = 0.20) did not differ between treatments. Further stratification of stands into sapling/pole, harvested mature, unharvested mature, and old growth seral stages, brought forth more subtle differences in bird use of pine stands, most notably use of stands with larger trees by northern flickers (Colaptes auratus), use of sapling/pole harvested stands by black-backed woodpeckers (Picoides arcticus), and use of old growth stands by brown creepers (Certhia americana). Harvested stands had different breeding bird communities than those that were unharvested.

    Publication Notes

    • You may send email to rmrspubrequest@fs.fed.us to request a hard copy of this publication.
    • (Please specify exactly which publication you are requesting and your mailing address.)
    • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.

    Citation

    Dykstra, Brian L.; Rumble, Mark A.; Flake, Lester D. 1997. Effects of timber harvesting on birds in the Black Hills of South Dakota and Wyoming, USA. In: Cook, James E.; Oswald, Brian P., comps. First biennial North American forest ecology workshop : June 24-26, 1997, North Carolina St. Univ., Raleigh, NC. [Raleigh, NC : North Carolina State University]: 16-26

    Keywords

    birds, Pinus ponderosa, ponderosa pine, timber harvest, Black Hills, South Dakota, Wyoming

    Related Search


    XML: View XML
Show More
Show Fewer
Jump to Top of Page
https://www.fs.usda.gov/treesearch/pubs/22156