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    Author(s): Ardell J. Bjugstad; Warren C. Whitman
    Date: 1982
    Source: Proceedings of the Western Association of Fish and Wildlife Agencies and the Western Division, American Fisheries Society : Las Vegas, Nevada, July 19-22, 1982. [S.l. : Western Association of Fish and Wildlife Agencies, 1982]: p. 257-271
    Publication Series: Miscellaneous Publication
    PDF: View PDF  (66 KB)

    Description

    Research was designed to assess the establishment and growth potential of 30 perennial forbs by seeding and/or transplanting them on coal mine spoil materials over a 2-year period. Five species showed exceptional emergence and vigorous growth from direct seeding. Six species showed vigorous growth with the use of transplanted plants. Seeding resulted in successful stands of most forbs on coal mine spoil material.

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    Citation

    Bjugstad, Ardell J.; Whitman, Warren C. 1982. Perennial forbs for wildlife habitat restoration on mined lands in the northern Great Plains. Proceedings of the Western Association of Fish and Wildlife Agencies and the Western Division, American Fisheries Society : Las Vegas, Nevada, July 19-22, 1982. [S.l. : Western Association of Fish and Wildlife Agencies, 1982]: p. 257-271

    Keywords

    forbs, coal, mine spoil, mining, seeding, transplanting

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