Skip to Main Content
Educational principles and techniques for interpreters.Author(s): F. David Boulanger; John P. Smith
Source: Gen. Tech. Report PNW-GTR-009. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station. 30 p
Publication Series: General Technical Report (GTR)
Station: Pacific Northwest Research Station
PDF: Download Publication (864 KB)
DescriptionInterpretation is in large part education, since it attempts to convey information, concepts, and principles while creating attitude changes and such emotional states as wonder, delight, and appreciation. Although interpreters might profit greatly by formal training in the principles and techniques of teaching, many have not had such training. Some means of making the insights of educators available to interpreters seemed essential. Therefore, the Environmental Interpretation Research Project arranged for F. David Boulanger and John P. Smith to write this booklet. Although the authors draw heavily upon classroom approaches, most interpreters should profit from the attention given to realistic objectives and known techniques for stimulating learners. The authors outline the major principles, methods, and techniques developed by educators and provide a bibliography for those who wish added sources of information.
- Visit PNW's Publication Request Page to request a hard copy of this publication.
- We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
- This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.
CitationBoulanger, F. David; Smith, John P. 1973. Educational principles and techniques for interpreters. Gen. Tech. Report PNW-GTR-009. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station. 30 p
KeywordsNatural history, educational psychology, environment, recreation
- Fire Effects, Education, and Expert Systems
- The impact is in the details: evaluating a standardized protocol and scale for determining non-native insect impact
- Educating the next generation of nature entrepreneurs
XML: View XML