Skip to Main Content
U.S. Forest Service
Caring for the land and serving people

United States Department of Agriculture

Home > Search > Publication Information

  1. Share via EmailShare on FacebookShare on LinkedInShare on Twitter
    Dislike this pubLike this pub


    Nine indicators of biodiversity conservation have been defined by the nations participating in the Montreal Process for assessing sustainability of temperate and boreal forests. Five of these indicators address compositional and spatial diversity of ecosystems; two address species diversity; and two are indirect measures of genetic diversity. Our objective was to evaluate their applicability for assessing biodiversity on rangeland ecosystems. In addition to assessing applicability, we also address whether data and methods exist to measure each indicator, and review research that is needed to improve implementation. In general, we found no ecological arguments for disqualifying any of the proposed indicators as applicable to rangelands. We did find, however, that unambiguous definitions, data, and methods were woefully lacking. Although some data exist for some indicators and some taxa, none of the indicators can be quantified in a thorough and rigorous manner at a national scale. Consequently, initial assessments of biodiversity on rangelands will have to be based on incomplete data. Research in the areas of definition clarification, inventory design, and testing of critical assumptions is necessary to conduct comprehensive, broad-scale assessments of biodiversity.

    Publication Notes

    • You may send email to to request a hard copy of this publication.
    • (Please specify exactly which publication you are requesting and your mailing address.)
    • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.


    Flather, Curtis H.; Sieg, Carolyn Hull. 2000. Applicability of Montreal Process Criterion 1 - conservation of biological diversity - to rangeland sustainability. International Journal of Sustainable Development and World Ecology. 7(2): 81-96.


    criterion, indicators, diversity, ecosystem, genetic, species, sustainability

    Related Search

    XML: View XML
Show More
Show Fewer
Jump to Top of Page