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    Author(s): David W. Green; Thomas M. Gorman; James W. Evans; Joseph F. Murphy
    Date: 2006
    Source: Journal of materials in civil engineering. (Jan./Feb. 2006): Pages 1-10
    Publication Series: Miscellaneous Publication
    PDF: Download Publication  (390 KB)


    Current procedures used to sort round timber beams into structural grades rely on visual grading methods and property assignments based on modification of clear wood properties. This study provides the technical basis for mechanical grading of 228 mm (9 in.) diameter round timbers. Test results on 225 round Engelmann spruce–alpine fir–lodgepole pine beams demonstrate the conservative nature of current timber strength assignments. A good correlation was obtained between static bending strength and static modulus of elasticity (MOE), and between bending properties and dynamic MOE determined in transverse vibration. Relationships were also developed between compressive strength parallel to grain, bending strength, and MOE by transverse vibration. The property relationships developed in this study were used to propose grading criteria consistent with procedures used with mechanically graded softwood dimension lumber. Estimated grade yields obtained using the proposed criteria show that significant increases in yield might be obtained for a specified set of allowable properties than is currently possible by visual grading alone.

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    Green, David W.; Gorman, Thomas M.; Evans, James W.; Murphy, Joseph F. 2006. Mechanical grading of round timber beams. Journal of materials in civil engineering. (Jan./Feb. 2006): Pages 1-10


    Elasticity, compression, vibration, beams, wood

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