Skip to Main Content
Ethnoecology of Fire: An Experimental Approach in the Ohio ValleyAuthor(s): Erin B. Hines; Jan Salick; Elaine Kennedy Sutherland; Todd F. Hutchinson; Steve Sutherland; Steve Sutherland
Source: In: Yaussy, Daniel A., comp. 2000. Proceedings: workshop on fire, people, and the central hardwoods landscape; 2000 March 12-14; Richmond, KY. Gen. Tech. Rep. NE-274. Newtown Square, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northeastern Research Station: 126.
Publication Series: General Technical Report (GTR)
Station: Northeastern Research Station
PDF: Download Publication (21.79 KB)
DescriptionNative Americans used fire to manipulate nature and directly benefit their survival. Certain plant species, many of which were useful to Native Americans as sources of food, fiber, dye, medicine, and game browse, are adapted to survive and even thrive in post-burn environments. Evidence suggests that Native Americans intentionally set fires to encourage growth and survival of such useful species. Data from a 5-year study conducted by the U.S. Forest Service in Southeastern Ohio to track the long-term effects of prescribed fire on forest composition were used to track changes in useful plant abundance under certain fire regimes. Preliminary analyses of pre-burn data establish covariates between burn treatments and moisture indices. Split-plot block ANOVAs of the 1999 post-burn data suggest an increase in many fern and graminoid species, along with an increase in Vaccinium and early-successional tree species. The results from this study have implications for modern forest management and global conservation. Fire increases diversity in both botanical and zoological systems by initiating patches of early succession in plant communities, thus increasing resources available for ecosystem interactions and possible human use. By encouraging the growth of both timber and non-timber forest products, resource managers can move towards more multiple-use forest management.
- Check the Northern Research Station web site to request a printed copy of this publication.
- Our on-line publications are scanned and captured using Adobe Acrobat.
- During the capture process some typographical errors may occur.
- Please contact Sharon Hobrla, email@example.com if you notice any errors which make this publication unusable.
- We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
- This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.
CitationHines, Erin B.; Salick, Jan; Sutherland, Elaine Kennedy; Hutchinson, Todd F.; Sutherland, Steve. 2000. Ethnoecology of Fire: An Experimental Approach in the Ohio Valley. In: Yaussy, Daniel A., comp. 2000. Proceedings: workshop on fire, people, and the central hardwoods landscape; 2000 March 12-14; Richmond, KY. Gen. Tech. Rep. NE-274. Newtown Square, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northeastern Research Station: 126.
Keywordsnative burning, prescribed fire, prescribed burning, oak, mixed-oak, oakhickory, barrens, ridgetop-pine, soil microbes, rare plants
- Native Burning in Western North America: Implications for Hardwood Forest Management
- Early fire history near Papineau lake, Ontario
- Spatial variability in soil nitrogen dynamics after prescribed burning in Ohio mixed-oak forests
XML: View XML