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    Author(s): Susan M. Wethington; George C. West; Barbara A. Carlson
    Date: 2005
    Source: In: Gottfried, Gerald J.; Gebow, Brooke S.; Eskew, Lane G.; Edminster, Carleton B., comps. Connecting mountain islands and desert seas: biodiversity and management of the Madrean Archipelago II. Proc. RMRS-P-36. Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station: 162-168
    Publication Series: Proceedings (P)
    Station: Rocky Mountain Research Station
    PDF: View PDF  (353 KB)

    Description

    Using data obtained in 2002 and 2003 from sites in the Hummingbird Monitoring Network, we investigated the effect of geographic factors—latitude, longitude, and elevation—and year on hummingbird diversity patterns in Southwestern U.S.A. In California, none of these factors affected hummingbird richness but elevation significantly affected abundance. In southeastern Arizona, longitude and elevation significantly affected richness; year affected abundance. For all sites, elevation and longitude affected richness, year and elevation affected abundance. We compared these results with global hummingbird diversity patterns and suggest that the distribution of forest and rainfall patterns are likely important factors for conserving hummingbird diversity and abundance.

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    Citation

    Wethington, Susan M.; West, George C.; Carlson, Barbara A. 2005. Hummingbird conservation: discovering diversity patterns in southwest U.S.A. In: Gottfried, Gerald J.; Gebow, Brooke S.; Eskew, Lane G.; Edminster, Carleton B., comps. Connecting mountain islands and desert seas: biodiversity and management of the Madrean Archipelago II. Proc. RMRS-P-36. Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station: 162-168

    Keywords

    hummingbirds, species diversity, species richness, abundance, latitude, longitude, elevation, conservation, monitoring

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https://www.fs.usda.gov/treesearch/pubs/23189