Skip to Main Content
U.S. Forest Service
Caring for the land and serving people

United States Department of Agriculture

Home > Search > Publication Information

  1. Share via EmailShare on FacebookShare on LinkedInShare on Twitter
    Dislike this pubLike this pub
    Author(s): John A. Kupfer; Jeff Balmat; Jacqueline L. Smith
    Date: 2005
    Source: Gottfried, Gerald J.; Gebow, Brooke S.; Eskew, Lane G.; Edminster, Carleton B., comps. Connecting mountain islands and desert seas: biodiversity and management of the Madrean Archipelago II. Proc. RMRS-P-36. Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station: 485-490
    Publication Series: Proceedings (P)
    Station: Rocky Mountain Research Station
    PDF: View PDF  (548 KB)

    Description

    To examine potential responses of sky island ecosystem pattern to projected climate changes, we used topographic and climatic data to develop a predictive model of plant community distribution in Saguaro National Park East, AZ. Increasing temperatures led to an upslope movement of communities and increased the area of desert scrub at the expense of montane conifer forest while increasing precipitation led to the opposite response as growth constraints imposed by arid conditions were lessened. Specific combinations of temperature and precipitation change created more or less extreme changes, with relatively little change in community area or spatial pattern occurring even in some cases where both climate variables increased. While simple, this model illustrates the complicated nature of sky island community responses to climate change and underscores the need for applications of more complex biogeographic models and targeted, field-based inventory and monitoring of plant communities.

    Publication Notes

    • You may send email to rmrspubrequest@fs.fed.us to request a hard copy of this publication.
    • (Please specify exactly which publication you are requesting and your mailing address.)
    • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.

    Citation

    Kupfer, John A.; Balmat, Jeff; Smith, Jacqueline L. 2005. Shifts in the potential distribution of Sky Island plant communities in response to climate change. Gottfried, Gerald J.; Gebow, Brooke S.; Eskew, Lane G.; Edminster, Carleton B., comps. Connecting mountain islands and desert seas: biodiversity and management of the Madrean Archipelago II. Proc. RMRS-P-36. Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station: 485-490

    Keywords

    climate change, plant communities, species distribution, topography, biogeography, models, Sky Islands, Saguaro National Park (Ariz.)

    Related Search


    XML: View XML
Show More
Show Fewer
Jump to Top of Page