Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

A study of the early fruit characteristics of pondberry

Author(s):

Kristina Connor
G.M. Schafer
J. Donahoo
Theodor D. Leininger

Year:

2006

Publication type:

General Technical Report (GTR)

Primary Station(s):

Southern Research Station

Source:

Gen. Tech. Rep. SRS-92. Asheville, NC: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Southern Research Station. pp. 564-568

Description

Pondberry [Lindera melissifolia (Walt.) Blume] is an endangered, dioecious, clonal shrub that grows in forested wetlands in the Southeastern United States. Because pondberry is endangered, presence of this plant could limit silvicultural options available to managers of public lands. Interest in pondberry has focused on the clonal nature of this species, and little has been published about the early physical and biochemical characteristics of the fruit as they mature. Four fruits from each of 40 plants were subsampled on a 30-day schedule after flower anthesis. Three months (90 days) after flowering, a complete seed had formed within the fruit. Of the total fruit weight (average 0.228 g), seed tissue accounted for 33 percent of the mass gained from 2 months (60 days) after flowering. Preliminary lipid analysis revealed the presence of myristic, palmitic, stearic, oleic, linoleic, and linolenic fatty acids; lauric acid was not found in any of the early seed samples but was plentiful at later stages in seed development. Preliminary results from seed longevity and persistence studies indicate that seeds without pulp and seeds left on the soil surface germinate more rapidly than buried seeds or those with the pulp intact.

Citation

Connor, Kristina; Schafer, G.M.; Donahoo, J.; Devall, Margaret; Gardiner, Emile S.; Leininger, Theodor D.; Wilson, A. Dan; Schiff, Nathan; Hamel, Paul B.; Echt, Craig. 2006. A study of the early fruit characteristics of pondberry. Gen. Tech. Rep. SRS-92. Asheville, NC: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Southern Research Station. pp. 564-568

Publication Notes

  • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
  • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.
https://www.fs.usda.gov/treesearch/pubs/23463