Skip to Main Content
Wildland fire use: the dilemma of managing and restoring natural fire and fuels in United States wildernessAuthor(s): David J. Parsons; Peter B. Landres; Carol Miller
Source: In: Galley, K.E.M.; Klinger, R.C.; Sugihara, N.G., eds. Proceedings of Fire Conference 2000: the First National Congress on Fire Ecology, Prevention, and Management. Miscellaneous Publication ; no. 13.Tallahassee, FL : Tall Timbers Research Station: 19-26
Publication Series: Miscellaneous Publication
PDF: View PDF (245 KB)
DescriptionThe management of natural fire and fuels in wilderness areas of the United States presents a significant dilemma to federal land managers.Wilderness fire management requires balancing mandates to both preserve natural conditions and minimize the impacts of human activities.It also requires consideration of ecological and social values both within and outside of wilderness. In many wilderness and similarlyprotected areas, decades of fire exclusion have resulted in conditions of unnatural vegetation and fuel accumulation. Resulting fires areincreasingly of sizes and intensities unprecedented in fire history records. Although current federal interagency fire policy facilitates the useof natural ignitions (wildland fire use for resource benefits) to restore more natural fire regimes, concerns about damage to natural resources,smoke impacts on surrounding communities, and threats to life and property on adjacent lands result in the suppression of most naturalignitions occurring within wilderness. In addition, natural ignitions outside of wilderness that would otherwise burn into wilderness arecommonly suppressed before they reach the wilderness boundary.
If natural ignitions are not used to restore fire frequencies and intensities characteristic of pre-settlement conditions in wilderness, firemanagers must decide whether to actively manage fire and fuels to restore more natural fire and fuel conditions. Althoughprescribed firemay be an effective means of restoring fire as a natural process, it is done at the cost of sacrificing the important value of wildness, thefreedom from human control or manipulation-one of the core values of wilderness. We review this dilemma about the management andrestoration of fire and fuels in wilderness, and the challenges in determining appropriate and acceptable actions in wilderness.
- You may send email to email@example.com to request a hard copy of this publication.
- (Please specify exactly which publication you are requesting and your mailing address.)
CitationParsons, David J.; Landres, Peter B.; Miller, Carol. 2003. Wildland fire use: the dilemma of managing and restoring natural fire and fuels in United States wilderness. In: Galley, K.E.M.; Klinger, R.C.; Sugihara, N.G., eds. Proceedings of Fire Conference 2000: the First National Congress on Fire Ecology, Prevention, and Management. Miscellaneous Publication ; no. 13.Tallahassee, FL : Tall Timbers Research Station: 19-26
Keywordsbenefits, fire, natural fire, prescribed fire, restoration, United States, values, wilderness
- Would ecological landscape restoration make the Bandelier Wilderness more or less of a wilderness?
- Linking wilderness research and management-volume 1. Wilderness fire restoration and management: an annotated reading list
- Changing research needs in wilderness fire
XML: View XML