Skip to Main Content
The Wilderness Act and fish stocking: an overview of legislation, judicial interpretation, and agency implementationAuthor(s): Peter Landres; Shannon Meyer; Sue Matthews
Source: Ecosystems. 4(4): 287-295
Publication Series: Miscellaneous Publication
PDF: View PDF (201 KB)
DescriptionMany high-elevation lakes in designated wilderness are stocked with native and nonnative fish by state fish and game agencies to provide recreational fishing opportunities. In several areas, this practice has become controversial with state wildlife managers who support historical recreational use of wilderness, federal wilderness managers who assert that stocking compromises some of the ecological and social values of wilderness, and different public groups that support one or the other position. Herein we examine this controversy from the perspective of the 1964 Wilderness Act, its judicial interpretation, the policies of the federal agencies, and formal agreements between federal and state agencies. Although some state stocking programs restore native fish populations, other programs may compromise some of the ecological and social values of wilderness areas. Further, although current federal regulations recognize state authority for fish stocking, judicial interpretation gives federal agencies the authority for direct involvement in decisions regarding fish stocking in wilderness. Where there are differences of opinion between state and federal managers, this judicial interpretation strongly points to the need for improved cooperation, communication, and coordination between state wildlife managers and federal wilderness managers to balance recreational fishing opportunities and other wildlife management activities with wilderness values.
- You may send email to firstname.lastname@example.org to request a hard copy of this publication.
- (Please specify exactly which publication you are requesting and your mailing address.)
- We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
- This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.
CitationLandres, Peter; Meyer, Shannon; Matthews, Sue. 2001. The Wilderness Act and fish stocking: an overview of legislation, judicial interpretation, and agency implementation. Ecosystems. 4(4): 287-295
Keywordswilderness, fish stocking, federal agencies, amphibians, federal policies, case law
- The challenge of wilderness stewardship
- Fish stocking in protected areas: summary of a workshop
- Evaluating effects of fish stocking on amphibian populations in wilderness lakes
XML: View XML