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Cytogeography and chromosome evolution of subgenus Tridentatae of Artemisia (Asteraceae)Author(s): E. Durant McArthur; Stewart C. Sanderson
Source: American journal of botany. 86(12): 1754-1775
Publication Series: Miscellaneous Publication
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DescriptionThe subgenus Tridentatae of Artemisia (Asteraceae: Anthemideae) is composed of 11 species of various taxonomic and geographic complexities. It is centered on Artemisia tridentata with its three widespread common subspecies and two more geographically confined ones. Meiotic chromosome counts on pollen mother cells and mitotic chromosome counts on root tips were made on 364 populations (X = 3.1 plants per population). These population counts are ~60% of all Tridentatae counts. Some are first records for taxa. The Tridentatae are a polyploid complex (x = 9) with ploidy levels from 2x to 8x, but mostly 2x (48%) and 4x (46%). Polyploidy occurs in nine of the 11 species and in many subspecies as well. Supernumerary or b chromosomes are present only at a low frequency. In the principal species, A. tridentata, 2x plants are larger than 4x ones, which are adapted to drier conditions, probably in consequence of their slower growth rates. Gigas diploidy is a phenomenon shared by some other woody genera, but is in contrast to the gigas polyploid nature of many herbaceous genera. Polyploidy occurs within populations and is essentially autoploid. Hybridization sometimes occurs at taxa interfaces in stable hybrid zones. Stable Tridentatae hybrid zones coupled with the group’s inherent propensity for polyploidization has led to the establishment of a geographically and numerically large and successful complex of species.
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CitationMcArthur, E. Durant; Sanderson, Stewart C. 1999. Cytogeography and chromosome evolution of subgenus Tridentatae of Artemisia (Asteraceae). American journal of botany. 86(12): 1754-1775
KeywordsArtemisia, Asteraceae, cytogeography, hybridization, polyploidy, sagebrush, Seriphidium, Tridentatae
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