Skip to Main Content
Spatial and temporal variation in soil and vegetation impacts on campsitesAuthor(s): Jeffrey L. Marion; David N. Cole
Source: Ecological applications. 6(2): 520-530
Publication Series: Miscellaneous Publication
PDF: View PDF (491 KB)
DescriptionWe studied the impacts of camping on soil and vegetation at Delaware Water Gap National Recreation Area. We assessed the magnitude of impact on campsites that varied in amount of use and in topographic position. We also evaluated change over a 5-yr period on long-established, recently opened, and recently closed campsites, as well as on plots subjected to experimental trampling. Campsite impacts were intense and spatially variable. Amount of use and topographic position explained some of this variation. Soil and vegetation conditions changed rapidly when campsites were initially opened to use and when they were closed to use. Changes were less pronounced on the long-established campsites that remained open to use. In the trampling experiments, impact varied greatly with trampling intensity and between vegetation types. An open-canopy grassland vegetation type was much more resistant to trampling than a forb-dominated forest vegetation type. Campsite impacts increased rapidly with initial disturbance, stabilized with ongoing disturbance, and-in contrast to what has been found in most other studies-decreased rapidly once disturbance was terminated. Implications of these results for campsite management strategies, such as use concentration or dispersal, and rotation or closure of campsites, are discussed.
- You may send email to email@example.com to request a hard copy of this publication.
- (Please specify exactly which publication you are requesting and your mailing address.)
- We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
- This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.
CitationMarion, Jeffrey L.; Cole, David N. 1996. Spatial and temporal variation in soil and vegetation impacts on campsites. Ecological applications. 6(2): 520-530
Keywordscampsite impact, campsite recovery, Delaware Water Gap National Recreation Area, experimental trampling, northeastern United States, recreation ecology, recreation impact management, recreation impacts, riparian forests, temporal variation
- Disturbance of natural vegetation by camping: experimental applications of low-level stress
- Campsite conditions in the Bob Marshall Wilderness, Montana
- Restoration of plant cover on campsites in subalpine forests: Sawtooth Wilderness, Idaho
XML: View XML