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    Author(s): David N. ColePeter B. Landres
    Date: 1995
    Source: In: Knight, Richard L.; Gutzwiller , Kevin J ., eds. Wildlife and recreationists: coexistence through management and research. Washington, D.C.: Island Press: Chapter 11, 183-202
    Publication Series: Miscellaneous Publication
    PDF: View PDF  (76 KB)

    Description

    Most of this book focuses on direct impacts to wildlife that result from contact with people. The purpose of our chapter is to provide a broad overview of the indirect influences that recreation has on wildlife. Recreational activities can change the habitat of an animal. This, in turn, affects the behavior, survival, reproduction, and distribution of individuals. Although more difficult to isolate and study, these indirect impacts may be as serious and long-lasting as direct impacts for many species.

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    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.

    Citation

    Cole, David N.; Landres, Peter B. 1995. Indirect effects of recreation on wildlife. In: Knight, Richard L.; Gutzwiller , Kevin J ., eds. Wildlife and recreationists: coexistence through management and research. Washington, D.C.: Island Press: Chapter 11, 183-202

    Keywords

    recreation, wildlife, habitats, impacts, human contact, coexistence

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