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Indirect effects of recreation on wildlifeAuthor(s): David N. Cole; Peter B. Landres
Source: In: Knight, Richard L.; Gutzwiller , Kevin J ., eds. Wildlife and recreationists: coexistence through management and research. Washington, D.C.: Island Press: Chapter 11, 183-202
Publication Series: Miscellaneous Publication
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DescriptionMost of this book focuses on direct impacts to wildlife that result from contact with people. The purpose of our chapter is to provide a broad overview of the indirect influences that recreation has on wildlife. Recreational activities can change the habitat of an animal. This, in turn, affects the behavior, survival, reproduction, and distribution of individuals. Although more difficult to isolate and study, these indirect impacts may be as serious and long-lasting as direct impacts for many species.
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CitationCole, David N.; Landres, Peter B. 1995. Indirect effects of recreation on wildlife. In: Knight, Richard L.; Gutzwiller , Kevin J ., eds. Wildlife and recreationists: coexistence through management and research. Washington, D.C.: Island Press: Chapter 11, 183-202
Keywordsrecreation, wildlife, habitats, impacts, human contact, coexistence
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