Skip to Main Content
Visitor use density and wilderness experiences: a historical review of researchAuthor(s): David N. Cole
Source: In: Freimund, Wayne A.; Cole, David N., comps. Visitor use density and wilderness experience: proceedings; 2000 June 1-3; Missoula, MT. Proc. RMRS-P-20. Ogden, UT: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station. p. 11-20.
Publication Series: Proceedings (P)
Station: Rocky Mountain Research Station
PDF: Download Publication (54.16 KB)
DescriptionConsiderable research on the relationship between use density and wilderness visitor experiences has been conducted over the past four decades. This paper focuses on early work on this topic, tracing the development and languishing of different research themes suggested by this early work. Research—particularly that conducted in the normative tradition—has contributed useful information to managers grappling with the imposition of use limits. However, traditional research approaches need to be supplemented with research conducted at both smaller and larger scales. Research on the opinions of communities of onsite recreation users needs to be complemented by research capable of better articulating the nature of the recreation experience, differentiating between subpopulations of users, and placing individual protected areas within larger regional contexts.
- You may send email to firstname.lastname@example.org to request a hard copy of this publication.
- (Please specify exactly which publication you are requesting and your mailing address.)
- We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
- This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.
CitationCole, David N. 2001. Visitor use density and wilderness experiences: a historical review of research. In: Freimund, Wayne A.; Cole, David N., comps. Visitor use density and wilderness experience: proceedings; 2000 June 1-3; Missoula, MT. Proc. RMRS-P-20. Ogden, UT: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station. p. 11-20.
Keywordswilderness, recreation, visitors, density, crowding, carrying capacity, literature reviews
- The impact of technology on the wilderness experience: A review of common themes and approaches in three bodies of literature
- Wilderness at arm's length: On the outside looking in at special provisions in wilderness
- Continued wilderness participation: Experience and identity as long-term relational phenomena
XML: View XML