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    Wildfires consume budgets and put the heat on fire managers to justify and control suppression costs. To determine the appropriate suppression strategy, land managers must conduct a wildland fire situation analysis (WFSA) when:
    • A wildland fire is expected to or does escape initial attack,
    • A wildland fire managed for resource benefits exceeds prescription parameters, or
    • A prescribed fire exceeds its prescription and is declared a wildfire.

    On large wildfires, land managers sometimes conduct five or more WFSAs.

    Publication Notes

    • Visit PNW's Publication Request Page to request a hard copy of this publication.
    • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.


    Donovan, Geoffrey H.; Noordijk, Peter. 2005. Prediction errors in wildland fire situation analyses. Fire Management Today. 65(2): 25-27

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