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Converting hardwoods on poor sites to white pine by planting and direct seedingAuthor(s): G.W. Wendel; G.W. Wendel
Source: Res. Pap. NE-188. Upper Darby, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Servcie, Northeastern Forest Experiment Station. 19 p.
Publication Series: Research Paper (RP)
Station: Northeastern Research Station
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DescriptionUntil recently, conversion of hardwood stands on poor sites to white pine (Pinus strobus L.) was limited mostly to natural white pine reproduction released from a hardwood overstory, either by killing the hardwoods or by removing them through a timber sale. However, in our effort to increase the returns from poor sites in West Virginia (oak site index 45 to 60) we have been introducing white pine where advanced natural white pine is scarce or absent. The results of several conversion studies completed during the past 6 years and the results of pertinent research conducted elsewhere are summarized and reported here.
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CitationWendel, G.W. 1971. Converting hardwoods on poor sites to white pine by planting and direct seeding. Res. Pap. NE-188. Upper Darby, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Servcie, Northeastern Forest Experiment Station. 19 p.
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