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    Author(s): Bruce E. Rieman; James T. Peterson; Deborah L. Myers
    Date: 2006
    Source: Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences. 63(1): 63-78.
    Publication Series: Miscellaneous Publication
    PDF: Download Publication  (539 KB)


    Invasions of non-native brook trout (Salvelinus fontinalis) have the potential for upstream displacement or elimination of bull trout (Salvelinus confluentus) and other native species already threatened by habitat loss. We summarized the distribution and number of bull trout in samples from 12 streams with and without brook trout in central Idaho and used hierarchical regression analysis to consider whether brook trout have displaced bull trout along gradients of temperature and elevation. Brook trout generally were observed in higher numbers downstream of bull trout. Brook trout presence, number, and both temperature and elevation were important variables explaining the observed distributions and number of bull trout among streams. Our analyses support the hypothesis that brook trout have displaced bull trout, but results were highly variable and stream dependent. Although brook trout appeared to have displaced bull trout to higher elevations or colder temperatures, there was no clear influence on overall number of bull trout. Brook trout probably do influence bull trout populations and facilitate if not cause local extinctions, but threats probably vary strongly with environmental conditions. Bull trout in smaller streams could be more vulnerable than those in larger streams.

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    Rieman, Bruce E.; Peterson, James T.; Myers, Deborah L. 2006. Have brook trout (Salvelinus fontinalis) displaced bull trout (Salvelinus confluentus) along longitudinal gradients in central Idaho streams?. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences. 63(1): 63-78.


    Salvelinus fontinalis, Salvelinus confluentus, trout, nonnative species, displacement, streams, longitudinal gradients, Idaho

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