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    Author(s): Per Nilsen; Grant Tayler
    Date: 1997
    Source: In: McCool, Stephen F.; Cole, David N., comps. Proceedings - limits of acceptable change and related planning processes: progress and future directions: from a workshop held at the University of Montana's Lubrecht Experimental Forest. Gen. Tech. Rep. INT-GTR-371. Ogden, UT: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station: 49-57
    Publication Series: General Technical Report (GTR)
    Station: Intermountain Forest Experiment Station
    PDF: View PDF  (70 KB)

    Description

    A comparative analysis of the Recreation Opportunity Spectrum (ROS), Limits of Acceptable Change (LAC), a Process for Visitor Impact Management (VIM), Visitor Experience and Resource Protection (VERP), and the Management Process for Visitor Activities (known as VAMP) decision frameworks examines their origins; methodology; use of factors, indicators, and standards; appropriate application; and relationships. While many areas in the frameworks can be improved, the most pressing needs are integration of principles among the frameworks and with other planning processes that emphasize ecosystem-based management and an evaluation of their effectiveness, particularly with the profound organizational changes taking place in all protected area agencies.

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    Citation

    Nilsen, Per; Tayler, Grant. 1997. A comparative analysis of protected area planning and management frameworks. In: McCool, Stephen F.; Cole, David N., comps. Proceedings - limits of acceptable change and related planning processes: progress and future directions: from a workshop held at the University of Montana''s Lubrecht Experimental Forest. Gen. Tech. Rep. INT-GTR-371. Ogden, UT: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station: 49-57

    Keywords

    planning, management, frameworks, protected areas, ecosystem management

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