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    Author(s): Jeff S. Glitzenstein; Donna R. Streng; Dale D. Wade; John Brubaker
    Date: 2001
    Source: Natural Areas Journal. 21: 89-110
    Publication Series: Miscellaneous Publication
    PDF: View PDF  (660 KB)


    Southeastern United States habitats dominated by longleaf pine (Pinus palustris Miller) and associated plant species have declined dangerously. Conservation of rare and common plants of longleaf pine habitats may be aided by starting new populations in the field. We review methods for initiating plant populations and integrate information from our studies of rare and common longleaf pine ground-layer plants of the outer South Carolina Coastal Plain. In our experience it is possible to start new populations of most longleaf pine ground-layer plants, including rare species, if (1) seeds are collected from frequently burned sites with reasonably large populations of desired species; (2) appropriate media are used for seedling propagation; (3) outplanting of nursery grown seedlings or direct seeding is done during periods of sufficient soil moisture; and (4) introduction sites properly match habitat requirements (inferred from indicator plants) of desired species, and the sites can be managed with frequent prescribed fire.

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    Glitzenstein, Jeff S.; Streng, Donna R.; Wade, Dale D.; Brubaker, John. 2001. Starting new populations of longleaf pine ground-layer plants in the outer Coastal Plain of South Carolina, USA. Natural Areas Journal. 21: 89-110

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