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A non-parametric, supervised classification of vegetation types on the Kaibab National Forest using decision treesAuthor(s): Suzanne M. Joy; R. M. Reich; Richard T. Reynolds
Source: International Journal of Remote Sensing. 24(9): 1835-1852.
Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
Station: Rocky Mountain Research Station
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DescriptionTraditional land classification techniques for large areas that use Landsat Thematic Mapper (TM) imagery are typically limited to the fixed spatial resolution of the sensors (30m). However, the study of some ecological processes requires land cover classifications at finer spatial resolutions. We model forest vegetation types on the Kaibab National Forest (KNF) in northern Arizona to a 10-m spatial resolution with field data, using topographical information and Landsat TM imagery as auxiliary variables. Vegetation types were identified by clustering the field variables total basal area and proportion of basal area by species, and then using a decision tree based on auxiliary variables to predict vegetation types. Vegetation types modelled included pinyon-juniper, ponderosa pine, mixed conifer, spruce- and deciduous-dominated mixes, and openings. To independently assess the accuracy of the final vegetation maps using reference data from different sources, we used a post-stratified, multivariate composite estimator. Overall accuracy was 74.5% (Kappa statistic=49.9%). Sources of error included differentiating between mixed conifer and spruce-dominated types and between openings in the forest and deciduous-dominated mixes. Overall, our nonparametric classification method successfully identified dominant vegetation types on the study area at a finer spatial resolution than can typically be achieved using traditional classification techniques.
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CitationJoy, Suzanne M.; Reich, R. M.; Reynolds, Richard T. 2003. A non-parametric, supervised classification of vegetation types on the Kaibab National Forest using decision trees. International Journal of Remote Sensing. 24(9): 1835-1852.
KeywordsAccipiter gentilis, classification, non-parametric classification, vegetation types, decision trees, Kaibab National Forest
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