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    Author(s): Jeffrey R. Dunk; William J. ZielinskiHaiganoush K. Preisler
    Date: 2004
    Source: Ecological Applications 14(3): 713-729
    Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
    Station: Pacific Southwest Research Station
    PDF: Download Publication  (946 KB)


    Terrestrial mollusks are important components of forest ecosystems, yet we know very little about the distribution and habitat of many of these species. We sampled for terrestrial mollusks in northern California with the goal of estimating the geographic ranges and developing predictive habitat models for five species that were assumed to be sensitive to land management activities. The species of interest were Ancotrema voyanum, Helminthoglypta talmadgei, Monadenia churchi, Monadenia fidelis klamathica, and M. f. ochromphalus. We randomly selected 308 plots for sampling from a grid of points across a 2.2 million-ha study area. We used Generalized Additive Models to estimate each mollusk's geographic range and to develop predictive habitat models within their ranges. Models were developed at one microscale (1 ha) and six mesoscales (ranging from 12.5 to 1250 ha) using vegetation, physical, climatic, and spatial location covariates. Estimated geographic ranges varied from 4770 to 15795 km2. Predictive habitat models explained from 40.8% to 94.5% of the deviance in models describing the species' occurrences. Models at the 1-ha scale were generally better than models at larger spatial scales. Of the six mesoscales evaluated, the “best” models were often at very large scales. Spatial location and climatic variables contributed significantly to the predictions of occurrence for most species. Models for species with small geographic ranges generally appeared to be better than models for species with larger geographic ranges, possibly reflecting more restricted environmental conditions. Cross-validation results, however, showed that models for species with more locations were more stable. A. voyanum was more frequently associated with late-successional forests and M. churchi was found to be a habitat generalist. The remaining three species were not detected enough for us to make strong conclusions about their habitat associations. Our results provide important guidance to land managers who are responsible for determining the necessity for surveys and protective measures for these and other terrestrial mollusk species prior to land management activities.

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    Dunk, Jeffrey R., Zielinski, William J., Preisler, Haiganoush K. 2004. Predicting the occurrence of rare mollusks in northern California forests. Ecological Applications 14(3): 713-729


    Ancotrema, California, forest, generalized additive model, geographic range, habitat association, Helminthoglypta, mollusk, Monadenia, Northwest Forest Plan, predictive model, 4251

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