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    Author(s): William J. Zielinski; Howard B. Stauffer
    Date: 1996
    Source: Ecological Applications 6(4):1254-1267
    Publication Series: Miscellaneous Publication
    PDF: Download Publication  (1.6 MB)


    Fishers (Martes pennanti) and American martens (M. americana) have been protected from trapping in California since the mid-1900s, yet in portions of each of their historic ranges their numbers are extremely low, perhaps due to the effects of timber harvest. We propose a method capable of detecting declines in the occurrence and distribution of fishers or martens using baited track-plate stations. The proposed sampling unit is a small grid of stations that has a high probability of detecting animals when they are present. These multistation units are sufficiently spaced to meet the assumption of independence for a binomial model. We propose a stratified random sampling design with strata sampled for proportions of occurrence at discrete points in time. Stratification is based on variation in occurrence by region and is estimated from preliminary survey data. A previously published bias adjustment is applied to the proportion of units with detections to adjust for possible failure to detect resident individuals at a sampling unit, A Monte Carlo simulation model was developed to determine the sample size necessary to detect 20 and 50% declines, with 80% power, in the proportion of sampling units with occurrence

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    Zielinski, William J.; Stauffer, Howard B. 1996. Monitoring Martes populations in California: survey design and power analysis. Ecological Applications 6(4):1254-1267


    Detection, forest carnivores, Martes, monitoring, occurrence, sign survey, statistical power

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