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    Author(s): Mark E. Fenn; Mark A. Poth; Susan L. Schilling; David B. Grainger
    Date: 2000
    Source: Canadian Journal of Forest Research 30:1476-1488
    Publication Series: Miscellaneous Publication
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    Inorganic nitrogen (N) and sulfur (S) deposition in bulk throughfall and fog were determined at two sites located at opposite ends (42 km apart) of a pollution gradient in the San Bernardino Mountains. Plot-level averages for total annual N and S deposition in throughfall in 1996 were 18.8 and 2.9 kg·ha–1, respectively, at Camp Paivika (CP) and 2.9 and 0.4 kg·ha–1, respectively, at Barton Flats (BF). Deposition of N in throughfall in the four transects at CP ranged from 12.1 to 31.7 kg·ha–1·year–1. Spatial variability was high because of heterogenous canopy cover and varying exposure to air pollution. Annual estimated stand-level deposition of N and S in fog were 10.9 and 1.9 kg·ha–1, respectively, at CP, and 0.6 and 0.2 kg·ha–1, respectively, at BF. We estimated that N deposition in fog contributed 35% of the total annual N deposition at CP and 13% at BF. Analogous values for S were 39% at CP and 26% at BF. Ammonium deposition in throughfall and fog at CP were 72 and 122% as high as NO3 deposition because of elevated NH3 emissions from dairy farms in the Chino–Norco area 34 km southwest of CP.

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    Fenn, Mark E.; Poth, Mark A.; Schilling, Susan L.; Grainger, David B. 2000. Throughfall and fog deposition of nitrogen and sulfur at an N-limited and N-saturated site in the San Bernardino Mountains, southern California. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 30:1476-1488

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