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Phylogeny of Castanea (Fagaceae) based on chloroplast trnT-L-F sequence dataAuthor(s): Ping Lang; Fenny Dane; Thomas L. Kubisiak
Source: Tree Genetics & Genomes, Vol. 2: 132-139
Publication Series: Miscellaneous Publication
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DescriptionSpecies in the genus Castanea are widely distributed in the deciduous forests of the Northern Hemisphere from Asia to Europe and North America. They show floristic similarity but differences in chestnut blight resistance especially among eastern Asian and eastern North American species. Phylogenetic analyses were conducted in this study using sequences of three chloroplast noncoding trnT-L-F regions. The trnT-L region was found to be the most variable and informative region. The highest proportion of parsimony informative sites, more and larger indels, and higher pairwise distances between taxa were obtained at trnT-L than at the other two regions. The high A+T values (74.5%) in the Castanea trnT-L region may explain the high proportion of transversions found in this region where as comparatively lower A+T values were found in the trnL intron (68.35%) and trnL-F spacer (70.07%) with relatively balanced numbers of transitions and transversions. The genus Castanea is supported as a monophyletic clade, while the section Eucastanon is paraphyletic. C. crenata is the most basal clade and sister to the remainder of the genus. The three Chinese species of Castanea are supported as a single monophyletic clade, whose sister group contains the North American and European species. There is consistent but weak support for a sister-group relationship between the North American species and European species.
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CitationLang, Ping; Dane, Fenny; Kubisiak, Thomas L. 2005. Phylogeny of Castanea (Fagaceae) based on chloroplast trnT-L-F sequence data. Tree Genetics & Genomes, Vol. 2: 132-139
KeywordsFagacae, Castanea, trnT-L-F, Phylogenectics
- Molecular evidence for an Asian origin and a unique westward migration of species in the genus Castanea via Europe to North America
- Current status of chestnut in eastern US forests
- Impact of silvicultural treatment on chestnut seedling growth and survival
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