Skip to Main Content
U.S. Forest Service
Caring for the land and serving people

United States Department of Agriculture

Home > Search > Publication Information

  1. Share via EmailShare on FacebookShare on LinkedInShare on Twitter
    Dislike this pubLike this pub
    Author(s): David N. Cole
    Date: 1995
    Source: Journal of applied ecology. 32(1 ): 203-214
    Publication Series: Miscellaneous Publication
    PDF: Download Publication  (256 KB)


    1. Experimental trampling was conducted in 18 vegetation types in five separate mountain regions in the United States. Each type was trampled 0-500 times. Response to trampling was assessed by determining vegetation cover 2 weeks after trampling and 1 year after trampling.

    2. Response varied significantly with trampling intensity and vegetation type. Trampling intensity and vegetation type explained more of the variation in vegetation cover 2 weeks after trampling than they did 1 year after trampling.

    3. For most vegetation types, the relationship between vegetation cover after trampling and trampling intensity was best approximated by a second order polynomial of the form Y = A - BX + CX2. The relationship was linear in a few vegetation types.

    4. The curvilinearity of the relationship between trampling intensity and surviving vegetation cover decreased with increases in resistance, tolerance and species diversity of the vegetation type.

    Publication Notes

    • You may send email to to request a hard copy of this publication.
    • (Please specify exactly which publication you are requesting and your mailing address.)
    • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.


    Cole, David N. 1995. Experimental trampling of vegetation. I. Relationship between trampling intensity and vegetation response. Journal of applied ecology. 32(1 ): 203-214


    recreation impact, regression analysis, vegetation impact

    Related Search

    XML: View XML
Show More
Show Fewer
Jump to Top of Page