Skip to Main Content
Elk and mule deer responses to variation in hunting pressure.Author(s): Bruce K. Johnson; Alan A. Ager; James H. Noyes; Norm Cimon
Source: In: Transactions of the 69th North American Wildlife and Natural Resources Conference: 625-640
Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
PDF: View PDF (900 KB)
DescriptionHunting can exert a variety of effects on both targeted and nontargeted ungulates, and animals either run or hide in response to hunting pressure. If animals successfully elude hunters by running, the energetic cost may deplete fat reserves needed for survival during winter in temperate regions. If animals successfully elude hunters by hiding, there may be an energetic cost from lost foraging opportunities.
- You may send email to email@example.com to request a hard copy of this publication.
- (Please specify exactly which publication you are requesting and your mailing address.)
- We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
- This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.
CitationJohnson, Bruce K.; Ager, Alan A.; Noyes, James H.; Cimon, Norm. 2004. Elk and mule deer responses to variation in hunting pressure. In: Transactions of the 69th North American Wildlife and Natural Resources Conference: 625-640
- Linking hunter knowledge with forest change to understand changing deer harvest opportunities in intensively logged landscapes
- A study of the relationships of deer hunters participation intensity and constraints
- Deer hunting and television: are tv shows creating expectations among deer hunters?
XML: View XML