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    Author(s): Veronica I. Emhart; Timothy A. Martin; Timothy L. White; Dudley A. Huber
    Date: 2006
    Source: Can. J. For. Res., Vol. 36: 961-971
    Publication Series: Miscellaneous Publication
    PDF: View PDF  (1.18 MB)

    Description

    We quantified basal area increment phenology over a 2-year period in one loblolly pine (Pinus taeda L.) and four slash pine (Pinus elliottii Engelm. var. elliottii) full-sib families propagated as rooting cuttings. In 2002, basal area growth started in March and stopped in October for both species, while in 2003, initiation and cessation occurred 2 weeks earlier for all families. In both years, peaks in basal area increment occurred in short (2-3 week) periods in the early spring for all families, followed by linear basal area growth until cessation. While there were significant size differences among taxa (species and families) at age 6 and 7 years, genetic differences in basal area growth rate were only expressed during short, discrete time periods primarily in the spring and fall. Basal area growth rate increased during periods when water soil availability increased (up to 300 mm), but an excess in water availability in the soil had a negative impact on growth. Within-family individual-tree broad-sense heritabilities ranged from 0.01 to 0.37 for all traits. In general, heritabilities were higher for growth traits than for phenological traits for all families. Both the strength and direction of correlation estimates of phenological traits with growth rate varied across families and years.

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    Citation

    Emhart, Veronica I.; Martin, Timothy A.; White, Timothy L.; Huber, Dudley A. 2006. Genetic variation in basal area increment phenology and its correlation with growth rate in loblolly and slash pine families and clones. Can. J. For. Res., Vol. 36: 961-971

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