Skip to Main Content
U.S. Forest Service
Caring for the land and serving people

United States Department of Agriculture

Home > Search > Publication Information

  1. Share via EmailShare on FacebookShare on LinkedInShare on Twitter
    Dislike this pubLike this pub
    Author(s): Subhrendu K. Pattanayak; David T. Butry
    Date: 2006
    Source: Amer. J. Agr. Eco., Vol. 87(4): 995-1008
    Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
    PDF: Download Publication  (2.89 MB)


    Our article considers the economic contributions of forest ecosystem services, using a case study from Flores, Indonesia, in which forest protection in upstream watersheds stabilize soil and hydrological flows in downstream farms. We focus on the demand for a weak complement to the ecosystem services--farm labor-- and account for spatial dependence due to economic interactions, ecosystem processes, and data integration. The estimated models have theoretically expected properties across eight different specifications. We find strong evidence that forest ecosystem services provide economically substantive benefits to local people and that these services would be substantially undervalued if spatial dependence is ignored.

    Publication Notes

    • You may send email to to request a hard copy of this publication.
    • (Please specify exactly which publication you are requesting and your mailing address.)
    • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.


    Pattanayak, Subhrendu K.; Butry, David T. 2006. Spatial complementarity of forests and farms: accounting for ecosystem services. Amer. J. Agr. Eco., Vol. 87(4): 995-1008


    Economic-ecological modeling, ecosystem services, Indonesian National Parks, nonmarket valuation, spatial econometrics, watershed protection, weak complementarity

    Related Search

    XML: View XML
Show More
Show Fewer
Jump to Top of Page