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    Author(s): Douglas Crawford; Stan Lebow; Mike West; Bill Abbott
    Date: 2005
    Source: Proceedings, one hundred first annual meeting of the American Wood-Preservers' Association ... New Orleans, Louisiana, May 15-17, 2005; volume 101. Birmingham, Ala. : American Wood Preservers' Association, 2005: pages 94-102.
    Publication Series: Miscellaneous Publication
    PDF: View PDF  (112 KB)

    Description

    In 1993, unseasoned pine posts were treated with groundline remedial treatment containing 3.1% copper hydroxide and 40% sodium tetraborate decahydrate (borax). The soundness of the posts was periodically evaluated using a push test. After 3.5, 6.5, and 10 years, sections were taken from two posts to determine retention of borax and copper hydroxide below ground to 36 cm (14 in.) above ground. By 3.5 years of exposure, all untreated control posts had failed. After 6.5 and 10 years, the remedially treated posts were generally sound at the groundline but most suffered top decay. Average borax retention was 24.2, 15.8, and 10.6 kg/m3 (1.51, 0.99, and 0.66 lb/ft3 ) after 3.5, 6.5, and 10 years, respectively. Average copper hydroxide retention was 3.7, 4.2, and 3.5 kg/m3 (0.23, 0.26, and 0.22 lb/ft3) after 3.5, 6.5, and 10 years, respectively. Although retentions varied among posts, in most cases the borax retentions were still above the threshold needed to prevent attack by decay fungi even 10 years after treatment.

    Publication Notes

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    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.

    Citation

    Crawford, Douglas; Lebow, Stan; West, Mike; Abbott, Bill. 2005. Permanence and diffusion of borax-copper hydroxide remedial preservative applied to unseasoned pine posts : 10 year update. Proceedings, one hundred first annual meeting of the American Wood-Preservers'' Association ... New Orleans, Louisiana, May 15-17, 2005; volume 101. Birmingham, Ala. : American Wood Preservers'' Association, 2005: pages 94-102.

    Keywords

    Wood poles, preservation, electric lines, borax, wood preservatives, wood-decaying fungi, pine, decay, posts, preservatives, copper hydroxide, resistance to decay, durability, groundline

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https://www.fs.usda.gov/treesearch/pubs/25195