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CLIMACS: a computer model of forest stand development for western Oregon and Washington.Author(s): Virginia H. Dale; Miles. Hemstrom
Source: Res. Pap. PNW-RP-327. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Forest and Range Experiment Station. 48 p
Publication Series: Research Paper (RP)
Station: Pacific Northwest Research Station
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DescriptionA simulation model for the development of timber stands in the Pacific Northwest is described. The model grows individual trees of 21 species in a 0.20-hectare (0.08-acre) forest gap. The model provides a means of assimilating existing information, indicates where knowledge is deficient, suggests where the forest system is most sensitive, and provides a first testing ground for hypotheses. Model verification simulations are included for up to 500 years on various sites. Fire, wind, or clearcutting can occur at intervals and intensities specified by users. The model was developed by modifying an existing forest succession simulator of eastern deciduous forests. Birth, growth, and death of individual trees are functions of existing light and temperature conditions, competition and species characteristics. Modifications of the existing simulator include tree height growth being related to temperature and moisture conditions, the foliage biomass to diameter relationship being more realistic, and five mortality classes and shade tolerance classes being defined.
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CitationDale, Virginia H.; Hemstrom, Miles. 1984. CLIMACS: a computer model of forest stand development for western Oregon and Washington. Res. Pap. PNW-RP-327. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Forest and Range Experiment Station. 48 p
Keywordssuccession, models, simulation, community dynamics (plant)
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