Skip to Main Content
Survey of phytophagous insects and foliar pathogens in China for a biocontrol perspective on kudzu, Pueraria montana var. lobata (Willd.) Maesen and S. Almeida (Fabaceae)Author(s): Jiang-Hua Sun; Zhu-Dong Liu; Ping Cai; David Orr; Judith Hough-Goldstein
Source: Biological Control, Vol. 36: 22-31
Publication Series: Miscellaneous Publication
PDF: View PDF (0.97 MB)
DescriptionA three-year survey of kudzu foliage, seed, stems, and roots for associated phytophagous insects was conducted to establish basic information about the insect communities that kudzu harbors in China and to assess the abundance, diversity and damage caused by these insects. Diseases of kudzu were also surveyed in southern China. A total of 116 phytophagous insect species in 3 1 families and 5 orders were collected from kudzu in China, in six feeding guilds: foliage, sap, stem, terminal, seed and root feeders. The impact of foliage feeders varied from site to site and year to year, and over the course of the growing season. The mean percent defoliation of kudzu over all plots and years was 13.3 f 1.9'!41, but ranged as high as 34%. Two insect species fed on shoots and clipped off terminals. Infestation of new shoots was high, with nearly half of all shoots clipped. Nearly half of the vines showed damage from stem borers, again varying through the season. Two species of insects attacked kudzu roots, mainly the cerambycid beetle Paraleprodera diophthulma (Pascoe), which caused considerable damage to both small (young, <3.4cm diameter) and large (older, >6 cm diameter) roots. Insects also caused substantial seed damage. Imitation rust, caused by Synclzytrium minutum [= S. puerariae ( P. Henning) Miyabe], was the most commonly observed disease of kudzu. Several of these species have potential as biological control agents for kudzu in the US.
- You may send email to email@example.com to request a hard copy of this publication.
- (Please specify exactly which publication you are requesting and your mailing address.)
- We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
- This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.
CitationSun, Jiang-Hua; Liu, Zhu-Dong; Britton, Kerry O.; Cai, Ping; Orr, David; Hough-Goldstein, Judith. 2006. Survey of phytophagous insects and foliar pathogens in China for a biocontrol perspective on kudzu, Pueraria montana var. lobata (Willd.) Maesen and S. Almeida (Fabaceae). Biological Control, Vol. 36: 22-31
KeywordsFeeding guilds, biological control, weeds, invasive species
- Kudzu (Pueraria montana) community responses to herbicides, burning, and high-density loblolly pine.
- Kudzu -- Goat Interactions
- Kudzu in Alabama History, Uses, and Control
XML: View XML