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    This paper reviews and summarizes literature about smoke exposure and the resulting adverse health effects among wildland firefighters Many studies have been done on this problem between 1973 and 1995 Overall the data indicate that smoke exposure at wildfires and prescribed fires is usually no more than an inconvenience, but on occasion it approaches or exceeds legal and recommended occupational exposure limits Management action is necessary to bring all smoke exposures into compliance with occupational safety regulations.

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    Reinhardt, Timothy E.; Ottmar, Roger D. 1997. Smoke exposure among wildland firefighters: a review and discussion of current literature. Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-GTR-373. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station. 68 p


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    fire, smoke, human health, occupational exposure, safety smoke exposure

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