Skip to Main Content
Hardwood pallet cant quality and pallet part yieldsAuthor(s): Hal L. Mitchell; Marshall White; Philip Araman; Peter Hamner
Source: Forest Products Journal, Vol. 55(12): 233-238
Publication Series: Miscellaneous Publication
PDF: Download Publication (1.15 MB)
DescriptionRaw materials are the largest cost component in pallet manufacturing. The primary raw material used to produce pallet parts are pallet cants. Therefore, pallet cant quality directly impacts pallet part processing and material costs. By knowing the quality of the cants being processed, pallet manufacturers can predict these costs and improve manufacturing efficiency. The purpose of this study was to develop and evaluate hardwood cant grading rules for use by pallet manufacturers and suppliers. Yield studies were necessary to accurately quantify the relationship between pallet part yield and cant quality. Twenty-eight yield studies were conducted throughout the Eastern United States at pallet mills producing parts from hardwood cants. Three preliminary pallet cant grades were used to segregate the cants according to the volume of unsound wood. A total of 47,258 board feet of hardwood cants were graded and processed into pallet parts. Pallet part yield and yield losses were determined for each preliminary cant grade. The average pallet part yield from the preliminary cant Grades 1,2, and 3 were 83,77, and 47 percent, respectively. Yield losses attributed to unsound defects were 2,8, and 39 percent for preliminary Grades 1,2, and 3, respectively. It was shown that although the grade rules produced statistically different quality divisions between grades, a more practical approach is to establish a single minimum cant quality based on yield and an economic assessment of cant and pallet part value. A new cant grading procedure is proposed specifying a single cant grade permitting up to one-third (33%) unsound volume.
- You may send email to firstname.lastname@example.org to request a hard copy of this publication.
- (Please specify exactly which publication you are requesting and your mailing address.)
- We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
- This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.
CitationMitchell, Hal L.; White, Marshall; Araman, Philip; Hamner, Peter. 2005. Hardwood pallet cant quality and pallet part yields. Forest Products Journal, Vol. 55(12): 233-238
Researchers propose single grade rule for evaluating hardwood pallet cants
- Unsound defect volume in hardwood pallet cants
- A classification system for predicting pallet part quality from hardwood cants
XML: View XML